29 Aug

Cultural Anthropology Definition Quizlet

cultural anthropology n. The scientific study of the development of human cultures based on ethnographic, linguistic, social, and psychological data and methods of analysis. cultural anthropology n (Anthropology & Ethnology) the branch of anthropology dealing with cultural as opposed to biological and racial features cultural anthropologist n cul.

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Culture. However, for the purposes of this lesson, culture can be defined as sets of human behavior that are passed down from one generation to the next. This transmission of culture isn’t always purposeful, and may take place anywhere that young people can interact with older people.

‘Social’ and ‘cultural’ anthropology overlap to a considerable extent. There is no hard-and-fast distinction between them, although there are differences of emphasis. Very broadly, the term ‘cultural anthropology’ relates to an approach – particularly prominent in the US and associated with the work of pioneers such as Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict – which stresses the coherence.

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Cultural anthropology, a major division of anthropology that deals with the study of culture in all of its aspects and that uses the methods, concepts, and data of archaeology, ethnography and ethnology, folklore, and linguistics in its descriptions and analyses of the diverse peoples of the world.

cultural anthropology [ kŭl ′ chər-əl ] The branch of anthropology that studies the development of human cultures based on ethnographic, linguistic, social, and psychological data.

Culture change is both a process underway in all societies and a field of study in anthropology which has undergone complex development and several important transformations. History: The cultural evolutionists of the late nineteenth century, such as Edward B. TYLOR (1881) and Lewis Henry MORGAN (1877), regarded non-Western cultures as.

Cultural globalization, a phenomenon by which the experience of everyday life, as influenced by the diffusion of commodities and ideas, reflects a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.

Culture. When used in social anthropology, culture does not usually refer to high culture such as literature or the arts. It is taken to mean the sum total of a given people’s beliefs, customs, knowledge and technology. These are learned and constitute a dynamic system. This system exists outside the body and is not inherited through biology.

Ethnography & Ethnology. Wolcott (1999) defines ethnography is a description of “the customary social behaviors of an identifiable group of people”. Ethnography is often referred to as “culture writing,” and it refers to a type of documentation often employed by Anthropologists in their field work.

In anthropology holism tries to integrate all that is known about human beings and their activities. From a holistic perspective, attempts to divide reality into mind and matter isolate and pin down certain aspects of a process that, by very nature, resists isolation and dissection.

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Ethnicity refers to an ethnic group that a person identifies with or feels a part of to the exclusion of other groups. An ethnic group shares similar values and norms defined by such things as language (e.g., Hispanics), geography (e.g., Somalis), religion (e.g., Jews), or race (see discussion of race below).

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Cultural relativism is the ability to understand a culture on its own terms and not to make judgments using the standards of one’s own culture. The goal of this is promote understanding of cultural practices that are not typically part of one’s own culture.

Section 1.1 Cultural Anthropology and Understanding Human Culture and Behaviour A s anthropologists gather more and more information about culture throughout the world, we can see what characteristics are universally human, how cultures adapt to new challenges in innovative ways, and how culture is learned and passed on to new generations.

“Cultural evolution” is the idea that human cultural change––that is, changes in socially transmitted beliefs, knowledge, customs, skills, attitudes, languages, and so on––can be described as a Darwinian evolutionary process that is similar in key respects (but not identical) to biological/genetic evolution.

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The Society for Cultural Anthropology (SCA) promotes creative research and critical conversation through its publications, events, and programs.

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Cultural anthropology is a branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation among humans. It is in contrast to social anthropology , which perceives cultural variation as a subset of the anthropological constant.

idea (19th century) of a single line or path of cultural development – a series of stages through which all societies must evolve – talked about independent invention, all cultures eventually came up with the same ideas (false)

Anthropology >> Cultural Anthropology I; Shared Flashcard Set. Details. Title. The view that each culture must be understood in terms of the values and ideas of that culture and should not be judged byt he standards of another. Basic fieldwork method in cultural anthropology that involves living in a culture for a long period while.